Bharat Ratna, the country’s loftiest mercenary award introduced in 1954, is given in recognition of exceptional service, performance of the loftiest order in any field of mortal bid.
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Any person without distinction of race, occupation, position or coitus is eligible for this award.
The recommendations for Bharat Ratna are made by the Prime Minister to the President. The number of periodic awards is confined to a outside of three in a particular time.
On conferment of the award, the philanthropist receives a Sanad ( instrument) inked by the President and a order.
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Here are the Some Facts about Bharat Ratna Award.
1). Started by Former President Dr. Rajendra Prasad.
The award was started by former President Dr. Rajendra Prasad on January 2, 1954.
2). Only 3 Bharat Ranta Can be awarded Yearly.
A outside of three Bharat Ratnas can be given each time. It was awarded to four people in the same time only formerly– in 1999.
3). Decided to Award Subhash Chandra Bose But then.
In 1992, the government decided to award Subhas Chandra Bose with the Bharat Ratna. But the decision was criticised due to contestation about his death. That was the only time when the award was blazoned and latterly withdrawn.
4). criterion was changed in 1966.
The award wasn’t conferred posthumously at first. That criterion was changed in 1966.
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5). First Sports Person to Get Bharat Ratna.
The youthful Bharat Ratna honoree and the first sportsperson to win the award was Sachin Tendulkar in 2014.
6). Also Can We Awarded to Non Indians.
The Bharat Ratna can also be awarded tonon-Indians as there’s no spoken rule against the same. Mother Teresa, a naturalised Indian citizen was conferred with the award in 1980. Non-Indians, Khan Abdul Ghaffar Khan and Nelson Mandela have also been awarded with the Bharat Ratna.
7). Awardees Can’t Use Prefix and Suffix Of Bharat Ranta in their Name.
As per Composition 18 (1) of the Indian Constitution, awardees can not use’Bharat Ratna’as a prefix or suffix to their name. Still, they can add‘ Awarded Bharat Ratna by the President’or‘ Philanthropist of Bharat Ratna Award’in their biodata, visiting card, letter head, etc.
list of bharat ratna awardees
1) C. Rajagopalachari (1954)
2) Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan (1954)
3) C.V. Raman (1954)
4) Bhagwan Das (1955)
5) Mokshagundam Visvesvaraya (1955)
6) Jawaharlal Nehru (1955)
7) Govind Ballabh Pant (1957)
8) Dhondo Keshav Karve (1958)
9) Bidhan Chandra Roy (1961)
10) Purushottam Das Tandon (1961)
11) Rajendra Prasad (1962)
12) Zakir Hussain (1963)
13) Pandurang Vaman Kane (1963)
14) Lal Bahadur Shastri (1966)
15) Indira Gandhi (1971)
16) V.V. Giri (1975)
17) K Kamaraj (1976)
18) Mother Teresa (1980)
19) Acharya Vinoba Bhave (1983)
20) Khan Abdul Ghaffar Khan (1987)
21) M.G. Ramachandran (1988)
22) B.R. Ambedkar (1990)
23) Nelson Mandela (1990)
24) Rajiv Gandhi (1991)
25) Vallabhbhai Patel (1991)
26) Morarji Desai (1991)
27) Maulana Abul Kalam Azad (1992)
28) JRD Tata (1992)
29) Satyajit Ray (1992)
30) Gulzarilal Nanda (1997)
31) Aruna Asaf Ali (1997)
32) APJ Abdul Kalam (1997)
33) M.S. Subbulakshmi (1998)
34) Chidambaram Subramaniam (1998)
35) Jayaprakash Narayan (1999)
36) Amartya Sen (1999)
37) Gopinath Bordoloi (1999)
38) Pandit Ravi Shankar (1999)
39) Lata Mangeshkar 2001)
40) Ustad Bismillah Khan (2001)
41) Bhimsen Joshi (2009)
42) C.N.R Rao (2014)
43) Sachin Tendulkar (2014)
Updated and Official list of bharat ratna awardees From Government of India
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